目 录CONTENT

文章目录

日常学习|清华大学英语演讲赛杭州赛区知识点整理

Dioxide-CN
2022-03-10 / 0 评论 / 3 点赞 / 46 阅读 / 6,379 字
温馨提示:
本文最后更新于 2022-04-20,若内容或图片失效,请留言反馈。部分素材来自网络,若不小心影响到您的利益,请联系我们删除。
句型与词组
  1. when sth. was first intruducted to China in the 19th century
    • 【被动】
    • 当(某物)在19世纪首次传入中国的时候
  2. An evil ritual taking away our spirits.
    • 【定从】
    • 一个夺走我们灵魂的邪恶仪式
  3. As the development of technology moves the wheel of history forward, it was alway accompanied by fear.
    • 【定从】
    • 随着科技的发展推动着历史车轮的前进,他总是伴随着恐惧。
  4. Judging in retrospect from an era which full of sth.
    • 【定从】
    • 回溯这个充满…的时代
  5. This, is exactly what I wanna tell people of the present + sth.
    • 【书信语】
    • 这,正是我想告诉现在的人们的:…
  6. Don’t be scare! / Fear not!
    • 【表述】
    • 不要害怕!(不要畏惧!)
  7. when technology revolutionizes our lives, humanity has already framed our action
    • 【倒装|时状】
    • 当科技改变我们的生活时,人类就早已经制定好了我们的行动框架
  8. But none of this is actually going to happen
    • 但是这些都不会真的发生
  9. sth. traumatized a generation
    • (某物)给一代人带来了创伤
  10. brag about sth.
    • 吹嘘自擂(某物)
  11. set / put one’s mind at rest
    • 使(某人)安心
  12. infringe on personal privacy
    • 侵犯个人隐私
  13. sb. be bombarded with sth.
    • 【被动】
    • (某人)被…抨击/炮轰
  14. sb. listen to suggestions rationally to make adjustments as well as amendments
    • (某人)理性地听取意见并做出调整和修正
  15. We can enhance the security of networks by introducting quantum cryptography
    • 【伴随】
    • 我们可以引入量子密码学来提高网络的安全性
  16. As for sth.
    • 至于…
  17. sth. can still relieve a considerable burden of sth. by doing sth.
    • (某物)仍可以通过(做某事)来减轻(某物)的巨大负担
  18. So, taking a glimpse into the future, what exactly do we see ?
    • 【疑问句】
    • 那么,展望未来,我们到底看到了什么?
  19. Not the AI-reigned Dystopia where [1] humans are reduced to slaves, not the post-apocalypse desert after a nuclear war, but a future where [2] humanity thrive with technology as an instrument of success, and technology thrive with humanity as its code of conduct.
    • 【 sth. thrive with sth. 】…因…而繁荣昌盛
    • 【 post- 】前缀 adj. 之后的;
    • 【 pre- 】前缀 adj. 之前的;
    • 【 anti- 】前缀 adj. 反制…的;抵制…的;
    • 【 定从 [1] 】先行词: the AI-reigned Dystopia
    • 【 定从 [2] 】先行词: a future
    • 不是人工智能统治下的人类沦为奴隶的反乌托邦,也不是和战争后的启示沙漠,而是一个人类因技术作为成功的工具而繁荣、科技因人类将其作为行为准册而繁荣的未来。
  20. Just like how we mock at the 19th century people for being fearful in front of a camera, our future generations will also be wondering why we had feared some of their daily routines in the first place, as they reach ever higher dimensions and roam across the stars.
    • 【 as 】因果关系 语气较弱
    • 就像我们嘲笑19世纪的人们在相机面前的恐惧一样,我们的下一代也会这么想,为什么我们一开始就会害怕他们的一些生活日常的东西,因为他们达到了更高的维度,在星际之间穿越。
词汇整理
  1. dazzling adj. 耀眼的;
  2. traumatized [ˈtrɔːmətaɪzd] v. 使…受挫;
  3. witchcraft n. 巫术;
  4. weather v. 经受住;
  5. era n. 时代;
  6. retrospect [ˈretrəspekt] vt./vi. 回溯; n. 回顾; v. 回想;
  7. theoretically adv. 理论上;
  8. duplicate n. 完全一样的东西; 复制品; 副本; vt. 复制;复印;复写;再做一次;
    • 基本意思是 对原物的复制 ,并力图在形状、外观、特征等方面与原物尽可能相似,可表示“模仿”“仿效”,也可表示“复印”“抄写”。作“抄写”解时,可用作及物动词或不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接word,letter等名词作宾语,也可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  9. replicate v. (精确地)仿制; n. 复制品; adj. 转折的;
    • 用作 名词 的意思是 “ 抄本,抄件,副本,本,册,份 ” ,是可数名词,用作复数时表示 同一种书的许多册 。而不是许多种不同的书,后面常跟介词 of。
  10. alarmist adj. 危言耸听的;骇人的; n. 杞人忧天者;
  11. rogue elements [rəʊɡ] n. 流氓分子
  12. reigne [reɪnd] v. 统治;执政;成为最佳;成为最重要的; 盛行;成为最显著的;
  13. apocalypse [əˈpɒkəlɪps] n. 世界毁灭;末世;大动乱;
  14. Dystopia [dɪsˈtəʊpiə] n. 反乌托邦;
  15. thrive [θraɪv] vi. 兴旺发达;繁荣昌盛;茁壮成长;
原文中英对照

Do you know people who post pictures of themselves almost every day? Snap! Look at my new watch.Snap! Westlake in spring. Snap! Here’s me in the middle of a speech competition. From streets to campuses, people are obsessed with taking photos of themselves. But when photography was first introduced to China in the 19th century, it traumatized a generation. With the drawtube shaped like a cannon, the dazzling firework at exposure, like that, and most horrifying of all, the bizarre feeling of your own face staring back at yourself on a piece of paper. “Witchcraft,”They say. “An evil ritual taking away our spirits!”

你认识几乎每天都贴自己照片的人吗?快!看我的新表。快!春天的西湖。快!我正在参加演讲比赛。从街道到校园,人们都沉迷于为自己拍照。但当摄影术在19世纪首次传入中国时,它给一代人带来了创伤。像大炮一样的抽吸管,像那样暴露在外的耀眼烟花,最恐怖的是,你自己脸上的奇异感觉在一张纸上盯着你自己。“巫术,”他们说。“一个夺走我们灵魂的邪恶仪式!”

As the development of technology moves the wheel of history forward, it was always accompanied by fear. Judging in retrospect from an era of selfie craze, of course we would want to tell those benighted people of the past: Fear not! Your souls won’t be sucked into a camera! This, is exactly what I want to tell people of thepresent: Fear not! Because when technology revolutionizes our lives, humanity frames our action.

随着科技的发展推动着历史的车轮前进,它总是伴随着恐惧。从一个自拍热潮的时代来看,我们当然想告诉过去那些愚昧的人们:不要害怕!你的灵魂不会被摄像机吸引!这,正是我想告诉现在的人们的:不要害怕!因为当科技改变我们的生活时,人类就制定了我们的行动框架。

Look at our world now, the debate between scientists and humanists never seem to set our minds atrest. When scientists are bragging about generalizing 5G6G, the humanists say,you are providing easier ways to infringe on personal privacy; When scientistsbrag AI as human’s ultimate assistant, the sci-fi writers say, beware that they develop consciousness of their own! Once I, a self-proclaimed physicist, talked to my pals from the school of humanities about teleportation, I said,“Theoretically we can transport anything from here to there instantly by disintegrating the stuff here and reconstructing an identical one there.” But I was instantly bombarded with: “Oh, soon you will be transporting people in this way, won’tyou? But will one be the same person after teleport? Will my consciousness be instantly terminated upon disintegration here, leaving only a duplicate of meto be reconstructed there?” So innocent bystanders, upon hearing these fantastic debates, panic. Oh no! The geeks are going to read our mails! Robots are going to take over the earth! Teleportation is going to destroy thousands of people every day, leaving a world full of clones!

看看我们现在的世界,科学家和人文主义者之间的争论似乎从来没有让我们的思想受到重视。当科学家吹嘘推广5G6G的时候,人文主义者说,你提供了更容易侵犯个人隐私的方法;当科学家把bag AI作为人类的终极助手时,科幻作家说,当心他们发展了自己的意识!有一次,我,一个自称物理学家的人,和我的人文学院的朋友们谈到了心灵传输,我说:“理论上,我们可以通过分解这里的东西,在那里重建一个相同的东西,把任何东西从这里立即传送到那里。”但我立刻被炮轰到:“哦,很快你就会用这种方式运送人了,是吗?但是在传送之后,一个人会是同一个人吗?我的意识会在这里瓦解时立即终止吗,只留下一个复制的我在那里被重建?“如此无辜的旁观者,听到这些奇妙的辩论,惊慌失措。哦,不!极客们要看我们的邮件了!机器人将接管地球!传送将摧毁成千上万的人每天,留下一个充满克隆人的世界!

But none of thisis actually going to happen, because humanists are not alarmists and scientist sare not geeks. Humanists point out pertinent ethical issues with the hope of correcting them and scientists listen to suggestions rationally to make adjustments as well as amendments. Just like the first pioneer who modified thecamera to make it less scary, we can always improve technology withhumanitarian care. We can enhance the security of networks by introducing quantum cryptography. We can put restrictions on AI to prevent rogue elements.As for teleportation, maybe it’s too risky to transport humans, but it canstill relieve a considerable burden of Beijing traffic by taking care of the delivery system!

但这些都不会真的发生,因为人文主义者不是危言耸听者,科学家也不是怪人。人文主义者指出相关的伦理问题,希望加以纠正,科学家理性地听取建议,做出调整和修正。就像第一个修改摄像机使其不那么可怕的先驱一样,我们总是可以在人道主义的关怀下改进技术。引入量子密码技术可以提高网络的安全性。我们可以对人工智能进行限制,防止流氓分子。至于传送,也许传送人类风险太大,但它仍然可以通过照顾传送系统来减轻北京交通的巨大负担!

So, taking a glimpse into the future, what exactly do Isee? Not the AI-reigned Dystopia where humans are reduced to slaves, not the post-apocalypse desert after a nuclear war, but a future where humanity thrivewith technology as an instrument of success, and technology thrive with humanity as its code of conduct. Just like how we mock at the 19th century people for being fearful in front of a camera, our future generations will also be wondering why we had feared some of their daily routines in the first place,as they reach ever higher dimensions and roam across the stars.

那么,展望未来,我到底看到了什么?不是人工智能统治下人类沦为奴隶的反乌托邦,也不是核战争后的后启示沙漠,而是人类以技术作为成功工具而繁荣昌盛,以技术作为行为准则而繁荣昌盛的未来。就像我们嘲笑19世纪的人们在镜头前的恐惧一样,我们的后代也会想,为什么我们一开始就害怕他们的一些日常生活,因为他们达到了更高的维度,在星星间漫游。

3

评论区